Art history is jam-packed with movements, schools, and isms. While the list continues to grow, here are some of my old faves. More to come.
ABOVE: Giacomo Balla, Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, 1912, oil on canvas, 35.8 x 43.3 inches, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo
Country of Origin: Italy
Timeline: An early 20th century movement founded in 1909.
Key Artists: Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini, Joseph Stella, Umberto Boccioni
Philosophy: A celebration of technology and urban modernity, Futurism rejected the old for the new, and focused on movement, speed, and violence.
ABOVE: Charles Demuth, Buildings Abstraction, Lancaster, 1931, oil on board, 27.4 x 23.6 inches, Detroit Institute for the Arts, Detroit
Country of Origin: USA
Timeline: Emerged after WWI and rose to prominence in the 20’s and 30’s.
Key Artists: Charles Demuth, Charles Sheeler, Ralston Crawford, Stuart Davis
Philosophy: A wholly American movement with a focus on modernization and industrialization; precisionist works are often geometrical, and sharply defined.
ABOVE: George Bellows, Stag at Sharkey’s, 1909, oil on canvas, 36.2 x 48.3 inches, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland
Ism: Social Realism
Country of Origin: International
Timeline: Influenced by European artists of the late 1800’s, it emerged in the early 1900’s, and continued through the first half of the 20th Century.
Key Artists: Diego Rivera, Edward Hopper, George Bellows, Otto Dix
Philosophy: Comprised of many different styles, Social Realism explored the living conditions of the working poor, while criticizing the social structures that maintained it.